Despite all the deforestation, the Earth is getting greener!

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Yes, what you read is right! Despite all the deforestation, the Earth IS getting GREENER.

While most of the news is about forests diminishing, deforestation and habitat loss, recent research published today in Nature Climate Change shows that the world has actually got greener over the past decade. Despite ongoing deforestation in South America and Southeast Asia, the study found that the decline in these regions has been offset by recovering forests outside the tropics, and new growth in the drier savannas and shrublands of Africa and Australia.

Plants absorb around a quarter of the carbon dioxide that people release into the atmosphere by burning fossil fuels. With a greening globe, more plants may mean more absorption of carbon dioxide. If so, this will slow but not stop climate change. However, questions remain over how long plants can keep pace with our increasing emissions in a warmer climate.

The researchers studied how plants and vegetation are faring by determining the amount of carbon stored in living plant mass (or “biomass”) above the ground. They developed a new technique to map changes in vegetation biomass using satellite measurements of changes in the radio-frequency radiation emitted from the Earth’s surface, a technique called passive microwave remote sensing. The radiation varies with temperature, soil moisture and the shielding of water in vegetation biomass above the ground. They extracted this vegetation information from several satellites and merged them into one time series covering the last two decades. This allowed them to track global changes in biomass from month to month, something that was not possible before.

For the period 2003-12, the study found that the total amount of vegetation above the ground has increased by about 4 billion tonnes of carbon.

Rainforest
Rainforest Source: Pixabay

The study shows that we are losing rainforests, but gaining forests elsewhere. Forests have spontaneously regrown on farmland abandoned after the fall of communism in Russia and neighbouring countries, while large-scale tree planting projects in China have measurably added to the global biomass. This roughly offset half of the carbon loss by tropical deforestation. Unexpectedly large vegetation increases in savannas and shrublands of Australia, Africa, and South America were found. Previous analyses have focused on closed forests and did not measure this increase.

And, on average, Australia is “greener” today than it was two decades ago. This is despite ongoing land clearing, urbanisation and the recent droughts in some parts of the country.

This article is an excerpt from here.

More on this can be read here and the original publication can be accessed here.

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Scientist-entrepreneur-manager-journalist: -Co-founder, Author; Former Assistant Editor and Director, Biotechin.Asia, Biotech Media Pte. Ltd.; -Founder & CEO, SciGlo (www.sciglo.com); -Programme Management Officer, SBIC, A*STAR (former Research Fellow). --Sandhya graduated from University of Madras, India (B.Sc Microbiology and M.Sc Biotechnology) and received her Ph.D from the Nanyang Technological University, Singapore. She worked on oxidative stress in skin, skeletal, adipose tissue and cardiac muscle for a decade from 2006-2016. She is currently working as a Programme Management Officer handling projects and grants at Singapore Bioimaging Consortium (SBIC), Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR). Earlier to this she was a Research Fellow in the Fat Metabolism and Stem Cell Group at SBIC. Sandhya was also the Vice President and Publicity Chair of A*PECSS (A*STAR Post Doc Society) (2014-2016). Recently she founded a platform for scientists - SciGlo (www.sciglo.com) and is a startup mentor at Vertical VC (Finland). She is an ardent lover of science and enjoys globe trotting and good vegetarian food.