Stress-induced infertility could be eliminated by blocking hormone

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Figure. Source: http://bit.ly/1CdLaHg
Figure. Source: http://bit.ly/1CdLaHg

Infertility is a major issue in today’s world especially due to the high level of stress. UC Berkeley scientists have discovered that chronic stress activates a hormone that reduces fertility long after the stress has ended, and that blocking this hormone returns female reproductive behavior to normal.

While the experiments were conducted in rats, the researchers are optimistic that blocking the gene for the hormone – called gonadotropin inhibitory hormone (GnIH) – could help women overcome the negative reproductive consequences of stress.

To test the effects of chronic stress on female rats, the researchers confined female rats for three hours a day for 18 days, then let the rats relax for four days – the rat’s typical estrus period, akin to women’s 28-day menstrual period. By the end of that stress-free hiatus, cortisol levels had returned to normal, though levels of the inhibitory hormone, called RFRP3 in rats, were still elevated.

Then they used a virus to insert into the brain an RNA blocker of the RFRP3 gene, which knocked down levels of the peptide hormone by about 75% during the period of chronic stress. The gene was also turned back on after the stress ended in case it also plays a role during pregnancy. RFRP3 inhibition prevented stress-induced infertility.

This article is based on materials provided by UC Berkeley.

The original article can be accessed here.

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Scientist-entrepreneur-manager-journalist: -Co-founder, Author; Former Assistant Editor and Director, Biotechin.Asia, Biotech Media Pte. Ltd.; -Founder & CEO, SciGlo (www.sciglo.com); -Programme Management Officer, SBIC, A*STAR (former Research Fellow). --Sandhya graduated from University of Madras, India (B.Sc Microbiology and M.Sc Biotechnology) and received her Ph.D from the Nanyang Technological University, Singapore. She worked on oxidative stress in skin, skeletal, adipose tissue and cardiac muscle for a decade from 2006-2016. She is currently working as a Programme Management Officer handling projects and grants at Singapore Bioimaging Consortium (SBIC), Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR). Earlier to this she was a Research Fellow in the Fat Metabolism and Stem Cell Group at SBIC. Sandhya was also the Vice President and Publicity Chair of A*PECSS (A*STAR Post Doc Society) (2014-2016). Recently she founded a platform for scientists - SciGlo (www.sciglo.com) and is a startup mentor at Vertical VC (Finland). She is an ardent lover of science and enjoys globe trotting and good vegetarian food.